The mole belongs to the Talpidae family, it is a small mammal, and we can find it anywhere in the world. They are considered a pest of the garden because they are experts in digging and tunneling without stopping, they generally live underground and very contrary to what people believe, they are not blind.
They are lonely. They look for their food by digging tunnels up to 30 centimeters below the surface and with a diameter of approximately 5 centimeters.
Highlights of the moles
These animals without visible ears, with small eyes and pointed snout and without hair, can grow from its snout to the tail about 16 centimeters, and if we add the tail, they reach a length of 20 centimeters, their weight ranges from 72 to 128 grams.
They can detect the light in spite of poor vision. It has its entire body covered with hair. It has a cylindrical shape, and its neck is very short. There are dark gray, brown, and black.
There are various types of moles, the largest of all is Desmana moschata, which can weigh about 500 grams and measure up to 21 centimeters; the American mole, on the other hand, is the smallest of its kind, barely weighs 10 grams and measures 10 centimeters.
To find their prey they use the tip of the nose to smell very well and sensors of low movement, since they have a very reduced vision and are also colorblind, their legs serve to dig them, because they are very strong and wide, they also have the morphology ideal for digging, work they constantly do.
You hit a plague that you must control
In the meadows, gardens, forests, urban areas, sand dunes, and any place where they can dig, there we will find this animal. They do not like soils where plant life does not appear. They avoid living in seismic areas and mountainous areas because there the land is much harder, and they are difficult to penetrate inside.
The tunnels that excavate the moles serve them for everything since they are mobilized by underground roads, they have special spaces where they sleep, and they have an available area of childbirth. In addition, they have their kitchens in the tunnel chambers. They live very comfortably, apparently.
There are approximately 42 species worldwide, do not be surprised if you find one in your garden or if you are traveling and when you start your tour in the meadow, in the distance a small round head appears, there they are, everywhere, and it is a plague that we must control. They are very pretty and deserve to live, but in their habitat or in places suitable for them.
How to control moles?
An agricultural pest is considered by many. In other places on the planet, it is a protected species.
There are many problems that these hairy cause, among which are:
- Contamination with soil residues to the silage
- Damage caused to agricultural machinery
- Due to the alteration of the soil the younger plants damage
- Deterioration in drainage systems
- Water pipe damage
- Alteration of grasslands because of the fresh soil that constantly covers them and reduces their yield and size.
They are capable of disturbing the tranquility and stability of the human being because when digging in the grass, they cause various aesthetic problems, causing serious difficulties in the daily life and daily development of people.
All of the above indicates that it is prudent to know how to control the moles, understanding that, both for them and for us, there must be adequate space in this world, and the idea is to preserve and live in tranquility.
It’s time to learn to prevent moles
Preventing moles in areas where we develop daily is ideal, being able to build a house or garden and not having the fear that these animals come to ruin everything with their tunnels, is what we need. They may well live in a secluded place and have the right conditions so that when digging, they do not interfere with our activities.
Moles can be prevented in several ways, using poisons or traps, although there is a lot of interest in its moleskin, which is used and properly processed to produce various textile products, specifically clothing.
On the other hand, castor is a plant known in this area, as it serves as a repellent to keep moles away. The toxic substances it contains are unpleasant and from which it is extracted until the poison is frightened and ends with moles.
How to anticipate the proliferation of moles?
The idea is not to wait to be invaded by these furry and friendly animals. It is important to anticipate their proliferation, hence the importance of knowing other alternatives that help us in this ideal.
Cat litter, blood meal, and fumigation of the burrow are other options that are well worth using, and if this is not enough, in the market, we can find devices to capture and trap the mole directly from your burrow.
There are places where they offer advice to know what to do in these cases, and if you think necessary, seek their guidance.
How do we completely erase moles?
If you’re wondering how to eradicate moles from your garden completely? We will tell you that there is only one way to end the moles completely, it is using a special trap and that, in short, it kills this animal, or it could be caught and taken to a strategic place where they can live and does not affect our routine.
Mole traps are mostly lethal; they all have a mission to kill. Although sometimes it has been tried to capture these live animals, it is a tremendously difficult task and with very low expectations.
However, this is a mission in which adequate management and knowledge are recommended, reason enough to think about seeking help with expert personnel, who know what to do in these cases, and solve what is impossible for us and is not viable.