On this occasion, we must focus on two different species but from the same genetic family, the Muridae or mesomorphic rodents. Maybe rodents do sound more like you. Of the Rattus and mus species, rats and mice are the most common rodents in nocturnal visits to human homes.
The main difference between the two is the size, but they are very similar in terms of anatomy: the tail, the head, the limbs, the nose, and the ears make them certainly similar. In spite of how strange it may seem to us, they are species that have been used as pets ever since the 18th century.
In fact, they are very intelligent animals, although that virtue has earned them to be a laboratory animal for both physical and psychological tests studied by medicine and the different health branches.
The habitat of rats and mice
Let’s not be fooled by your intelligence. These rodents are considered pests, as they reproduce easily.
Most live in urban areas, especially in the suburbs or areas further away from the light, although we also know rats and mice in the field. What conclusion can we draw from here? Unfortunately, they can live anywhere as long as they are interested in staying. Where to find food usually does not pose a difficulty; it is a perfect home for them.
Indeed, these small animals can become pests easily. They have a lot of agility to move, so they are fast animals that slip away from the usual ways of eliminating pests.
They feed on practically the same foods as humans, and that means they live off the waste that our species leaves there, hence the topic of living in the garbage or in the surrounding areas.
- Rats pests: females have a gestation period of about 21 days. In that period, they can give birth to up to 12 offspring. In the next three months, those 12 babies can already become pregnant. This frenetic pace makes a population of 600 rats only need one year and an initial couple to develop.
- Plague of mice: procreation also begins at three months, and they usually give birth to an average of 8 offspring about five times a year.
- Plague of voles: they are another type of rodents that, although they do not frequent homes, do appear in cultivation areas to destroy food. In our country, there have been strong pests of voles in areas of Castilla La Mancha. Their reproduction speed means that they can be more than 1,000 copies per hectare.
How do I know if I have rats or mice at home?
If you have come here, it is because you probably smell it, but if you are not convinced, we give you the first signs that appear in your home to make sure you have unwanted inhabitants.
- The first thing you will find if there are rodents at home is the animal’s feces. Feces or urine that, in addition to seeing, you can also smell if the plague is important since they give off a strong smell of ammonia.
- Rodent sounds, especially mice, are also very easy to identify. The typical squeak of mice usually breaks the tranquility of the night at home, although it is not the only sound you will hear. If they are on the roof, it will be easier to hear a quick run.
- All nibbled. That’s right. If you find objects gnawed by their teeth, it will be easy to know that they are swarming around even if you don’t see them. He thinks that rodents need to keep their teeth sharp to prepare them well before eating, so it is easy to find wires or small objects nibbled by them.
An unhealthy plague
An infestation of rodents can cause serious damage to human health. In fact, remember that one of the greatest diseases of the human being, the plague, was caused by fleas that jumped from rat to rat in the middle of the Middle Ages.
Today, they are responsible for more than 20 diseases. Some of the best known are toxoplasmosis and trichinosis, both from feces, or leptospirosis, transmitted through the urine. They are also transmitters of hantavirus, a disease that causes respiratory distress and muscle pain in humans.
How to eliminate rats or mice
It is clear that it is best to keep them away from home, especially when more than a copy, we are facing a possible plague. The first thing you have to know, as we have said, is that it is not always a matter of dirt, but that rodents adapt perfectly to where they live.
- The chemicals and poisons and rodenticides are usually quite strong in terms of toxicity. Therefore, it is important to read all the indications well to avoid that they end up being inhaled by the wrong animal or even that can harm us human beings. The most common are warfarin poisons or anticoagulants. Both end up killing the animal for internal hemorrhages and usually take effect between 12 and 72 hours.
- If you prefer more natural remedies, attend to how to eliminate rat pests without poison. One option is, for example, to use products with strong odors that usually scare away small ones. The Mint is one of them, namely Piperita. You can find the essential oil of this product in herbalists. You can also make a sauce with hot peppers since they can’t stand their smell. Use both products to pour a little into the areas where you think they may be.
- We give you more options: cats, dogs and even boas. Yes, we know that the latter does not make you very funny, but the simple presence of their droppings will make them come out on legs. In any case, remember that pets are not toys and carry great responsibility for a lifetime by their owner.
- The ultrasonic repellents are the most popular option, although not always work. Find out well before buying them so that they are specific to the species you have at home.
- Another option is the traps for mice and rats. These can be lethal or, if you prefer to let the animal live, simply enclose it so that later you can release it in another area. Of the first, we have a great variety, from the typical bait with a piece of cheese to the glue or the fresh bait. If you are looking for something less aggressive, you can opt for homemade cheating. For example, the typical cage that closes when the mouse picks up the piece of cheese, or some with plastic bottles where the mouse can enter but not leave.